These are random notes I had written down on my old notebook. Hope it helps somebody in need.
Arendt was influenced by the existentialism of Heidegger and Jaspers. She described existentialism as “thinking beyond barriers”.
Her famous work, The Origins of Totalitarianism (1951) drew parallels between Nazi Germany and Stalinist Russia.
Eichmann in Jerusalem (1963) was also her famous and controversial work. It stressed the ‘binality of evil’ by portraying Eichmann as a Nazi functionary rather than as a raving ideologue.
Kuhn is known for his famous work, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions (1962) in which he redefined and popularised the phrase paradigm shift.
Kuhn’s idea of paradigm
Paradigm as used by Kuhn refers to an intellectual framework comprising interrelated values, theories and assumptions within which the search for knowledge is conducted.
He is a staunch republican. His famous article The End of History (1989) was later developed into an acclaimed book, The End of History and the Last Man in 1992. His major claim was that the history of ideas had ended with the recognition of liberal democracy as the final form of government.
In After the Neocon (2006) he criticises the US foreign policy post 9/11.
He belongs to the Frankfurt School. He drew upon Hegel and Freud and is a leading thinker of the New Left.
He is widely known for his famous work, One Dimensional Man (1964).
He is the father of the Anglo-American conservative tradition. He criticised French Revolution.
He regarded market forces as “natural law”.
Friedrich von Hayek
He belongs to the Austrian school. He strongly believed in individualism and market forces. He was an implacable critic of socialism.
In his The Road to Serfdom (1948), he criticised economic interventionism.
Hayek greatly influenced the New Right theorists.