The social-emotional health in the early childhood years has a long term bearing on a person’s personality and well-being.
Some of the important childhood social indicators are discussed below:
Poverty: Poor children are disproportionately exposed to factors that may impair brain development and affect cognitive, social, and emotional functioning.
Poverty in childhood and adolescence is associated with a higher risk for poorer cognitive and academic outcomes. Persistent poverty, as well as poverty experienced in the childhood’s early years, is most detrimental to development
Health care: Lack of proper health care coverage negatively influences children’s school attendance and participation in extracurricular activities, and increase parental financial and emotional stress.
Access to proper healthcare has a beneficial effect on health outcomes as well as on becoming a fit adult in the society.
Child care: Consistent, developmentally sound, and emotionally supportive care has a positive effect on both children and families. Child care is beneficial for children’s cognitive, language, and social development.
Child abuse: Abuses during childhood has a long term negative impact on an individual. Children who have experienced abuses may turn out to be anti-social elements. They tend to lose trust in others and may develop inferior complexity.
Neglect relating to school achievement: Children should be encouraged and recommended for their achievements in the school. The neglect of this achievement may make a child dull. He may even develop disinterest in studies. It is therefore important that we acknowledge a child’s achievement in the school.
It is important that the people are aware of this set of indicators very well. This set of indicators can support communities in their efforts to implement and assess effective programs that promote social-emotional health, that promote young children’s wellness.