Dear all, I hope you are all safe and doing well. The pandemic has affected all of us in different ways and not pleasantly. However, I don’t want you to lose HOPE. It is often in the most challenging moments that the best of our character and strength comes out.

I know that some of you might not be able to prepare well in the past few months. Some of you might not be feeling very positive about a lot of things. It’s all right. Almost everyone is not very positive at this moment. That’s happening at a global level. So, don’t worry 😉 be happy 😃!

Now, for the remaining few days before the exam, I want you to focus on your preparation. No need to think about what you did or didn’t; it should not bother you now. Just focus on the coming few days. To guide you in your preparation and give you some energy, yes, I will give you a ONE WEEK CHALLENGE Plan. You follow it and you nail the exam. It will be rigorous for you. It will take more than one week for you to complete all the assigned tasks. It’s okay. You complete it before the exam. Make brief notes and revise it repeatedly. I would not give you something you all would not be able to do. You are strong 💪🏼 and you can do it✊🏻

Plan Details

Maximum length of One Hour Class each day beginning coming Monday for one week. It may be shorter and that’s actually a good thing!

The video classes will be uploaded on YouTube (WATCH & LEARN at HEIGWAY). I planned to upload the classes between 10.30 am – 11 am. I may change the timing to evening say before 7 pm. If all things are right, we may try live classes. The first introductory video is already available on the HEIGWAY YouTube channel.

The classes will be followed by Mock Questions on HEIGWAY’s YouTube Community platform. This will enable us to discuss each question separately. I will provide the answers the next day. You form groups/teams and discuss the answers. This will help you tremendously.

Below is the DAY-WISE Plan of the ONE WEEK CHALLENGE:

DAY 1 & 2
Western Political Thought (+50 questions)

Concepts and Approaches in Political Theory (+ 50 questions)

Social and Political Thought of Modern India (+ 50 questions)

Constitution and Political Institutions of India (+50 questions)


State and Politics in India; Political Processes and Policies in India (+50 questions)

Comparative Government and Politics (+ 50 questions)

International Relations (+ 50 questions)

I will be glad to make any changes as you think important. You can tell me if anything extra is to be added or subtracted. You can give me your inputs anytime. Discuss among yourselves. Do you want me to emphasise any particular area? Or put more questions on some area than others? Just think about it and let me know.

And, if anyone is having any issue regarding this arrangement, you can let me know how we can do otherwise.

I hope I am reaching out to everyone of you. I hope you all are reading the messages. Whether in the hills or plains, villages or cities, if you have any issue and if I can be of any help, you can let me know anytime. This is important because THIS IS YOUR TIME!

All the best.

With much affection.

Diaspora-Homeland Interaction: Indian Diaspora in the United States, 1990s-2011

The culturally and religiously distinct identity the Indian Americans can claim is the one that they have inherited from their homeland. The enhancement of their identity requires a continuation of their interaction with the homeland.


Indian diaspora today is recognised as a global community.* Today, a successful interaction between the diaspora community and the homeland becomes not only desirable but inevitable. It is natural for any diaspora community to show a desire to connect to the homeland. They are linked in terms of language, culture, religion, folklore, and ethnicity and so on. The Indian diaspora community in the United States has been showing the same constant desire to connect to the homeland. At the same time, with its economic status, size of population, excellent technical knowledge, the homeland country increasingly needs the diaspora community for its economic growth and strategic development. Equally with such developments is the need to study the diaspora-homeland interaction at various levels- economic, political, and religious and cultural.

Sunder Pichai, CEO, Google is one of the most successful Indian Americans in recent times.

Among the Indian diaspora, the Indian Americans may be described as one of the most influential community not only in their host country but also in their homeland India. The country is also “home to one of the largest Indian populations in the world, as well as to substantial diasporic Indian communities from places such as Fiji, Trinidad and Guyana.” Moreover, the Indian Americans are regarded as the most affluent community among other Asian communities in the United States and in fact some of the biggest names in Indian diaspora are found in this community alone. The community’s influence in India’s decision-making in terms of economic and political policies and even religious and cultural practices has been very significant. And, the Indian Government has also become aware of the potential that the community can offer in the growth and development of the country. In this light, a thorough and critical study of the interaction between the community and the homeland at various levels becomes increasingly important and this term-paper is an attempt to that goal.


The immigration of Indians to the United States since 1990s onwards is important in many respects as compared to early periods: before 1965 as well as post-1965. One significant aspect is the size of immigration, and another is the composition and character of immigration.

The Indian immigration to the United States grew rapidly particularly during 1990s and 2000s due to various reasons the most important being economic. According to the 2010 U.S. census the total size of Indian Americans (or Asian Americans, as mentioned in the Report) in the United States is reported to be 2.8 million. In a recent census report, it is reported that Indian Americans have surpassed the Filipinos as U.S.’s second largest Asian community (in 2000 census, it was third) only next to Chinese. California, especially the area around the Silicon Valley, has become the main concentration of the community.

The composition of the immigration is dominated mostly by professionals, technicians, doctors, students and family migrants. Most of them are products of India’s premiere institutes such as IITs (Indian Institute of Technology), IIMs (Indian Institute of Management), AIIMS (All India Institute of Medical Sciences), and other reputed institutes in the country, a phenomenon described by many as ‘brain drain’ (I will take this up later). The character of such migration can be attributed as ‘pull factor’ especially because the students or the professionals who went to the United States were actually seeking a lucrative career and highly paid job prospects which the host country was seemed ready to offer. Subsequently, India has become the leading source of highly skilled people, also called ‘knowledge workers’ for the developed countries particularly the United States. These people have immensely contributed in the development of the host country, and many of them have become permanent citizens. In fact, migration of Indians to the United States led to the formation of the new diaspora.

It naturally arrives at the fact that significant population of the Indian Americans are highly educated and affluent. Most of the people of the community have held important positions in the mainstream economic and socio-political set up of the host country. There have been Nobel laureates, governors, CEOs of leading companies, administrators, industrialists, etc., among the Indian Americans.