Changes in Laxmikanth’s Indian Polity Fifth Edition

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laxmikanth-indian-polity-fifth-edition
Indian Polity Fifth Edition by M. Laxmikanth.

Well, most of you already know that there is an addition of seven new chapters, four new appendices, inclusion of 2014, 2015, 2016 preliminary questions with answers as well as 2013, 2014, and 2015 mains questions.

The newly added chapters are:

  1. Parliamentary Group
  2. Judicial Review
  3. Judicial Activism
  4. Public Interest Litigation
  5. NITI Aayog
  6. Voting Behaviour
  7. Election Laws

The new appendices include:

  1. Sections of the Representation of the People Act, 1950
  2. Sections of the Representation of the People Act, 1951
  3. Chairpersons of the National Commissions
  4. Sections of the Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir

Besides these new additions, there are other changes as well which makes Laxmikanth’s Indian Polity Fifth Edition very comprehensive and upto date. In the already existing chapters, new sections are included. Here, the new sections in the revised chapters of all the parts of the book are listed. The newly added chapters and sections in the existing chapters are italicised. Hope it helps!

Part I

Constitutional Framework

Chapter 3: Salient Features of the Constitution

  • Criticism of the Constitution.

Chapter 6: Citizenship

  • Overseas Citizenship of India.

Part II

System of Government

No change.

Part III

Central Government

Chapter 20: Central Council of Ministers

  • Oath and Salary of Ministers.

Chapter 21: Cabinet Committees

  • Abolition of GoMs and EGoMs.
  • Informal GoMs Formed.

Chapter 22: Parliament.

  • Proceedings

Chapter 23: Parliamentary Committees

  • Finance Committees.
  • Departmental Standing Committees.
  • Committees to Inquire.
  • Committees to Scrutinise and Control.
  • Committees Relating to the Day-to-Day Business of the House.
  • House-Keeping Committees.
  • Consultative Committees.

Chapter 25: Parliamentary Group (Newly added chapter).

Chapter 27: Judicial Review (Newly added chapter).

Chapter 28: Judicial Activism (Newly added chapter).

Chapter 29: Public Interest Litigation (Newly added chapter).

Part IV

State Government

Chapter 35: Subordinate Courts

  • National Legal Services Authority.
  • Lok Adalats.
  • Permanent Lok Adalats.
  • Family Courts.
  • Gram Nyayalayas.

Part V

Local Government

Chapter 38: Panchayati Raj

  • Finances of Panchayat Raj.
  • Reasons for Ineffective Performance.

Chapter 39: Municipalities

  • Municipal Revenue.

Part VI:

Union Territories and Special Areas

No Changes.

Part VII

Constitutional Bodies

Chapter 42: Election Commission

  • Vision, Mission and Principles.

Part VIII

Non-Constitutional Bodies

Chapter 52: NITI Aayog (Newly added chapter).

Chapter 57: Central Vigilance Commission

  • Vigilance Units in the Ministries.
  • Whistle Blowers Act (2011).

Chapter 59: Lokpal and Lokayuktas

  • Position in India.
  • Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act (2013).

Part IX

Other Constitutional Dimensions

Chapter 61: Official Language

  • Committee of Parliament on Official Language.
  • Classical Language Status.

Part X

Political Dynamics

Chapter 69: Voting Behaviour (Newly added chapter).

Chapter 70: Election Laws (Newly added chapter).

Chapter 75: Foreign Policy

  • Connect Central Asia Policy of India
  • Act East Policy of India

Part XI

Working of the Constitution

No change.

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A Law Against Marital Rape in India

The lawmakers of the country are saying that the Indian society is not ready for a law against ‘marital rape.’ As a matter of fact, they are still confused whether there is such a thing as ‘marital rape.’ They are scratching their heads and might be wondering: “What is that people are saying marital rape? Bhai/bhehan, woh kya ho sakta hai?” And, they think it is just a concept!

I, the very unimportant little noiseless voice in this very noisy country, say that there is such a thing as marital rape. Marital rape is a fact and not some imagination or a mere concept. And, this same voice ask you, the lawmakers: Is the readiness of the society that important for a just law to come into existence? Why don’t we think that the law can transform the society, the way we perceive relationships, the way we see things? At least, to some positive extent. There have been numerous cases that a good law has transformed and brought changes in a society for good. The law against the practice of untouchability is one fine example.

I truly believe that a good law in content and spirit will be able to bring significant changes in the society and whether a society is ready for a law like marital rape should not arise. We may struggle for inadequacies in government machinery and forces in implementing such a law. But, to deny women their right to say no to nonconsensual sex on these illogical and stupid reasons can never be justified. If customs are wrong, if society is wrong, if the thinking of some people are wrong, let’s say they are wrong. As for me, marriage should not mean one person dominating another person physically or emotionally. In the sphere of family also, there should be equal rights. Just because it’s happening in the family does not mean we should not intervene when one of them are assaulted by another. Those in the family should be able to voice their likes and dislikes equally. When not heard in the family, their grievances should be recognised and redressed by the justice system.

Well, these are what I believe. The urgencies in life’s worldly responsibilities have compelled me not to think for long, erased many incomplete thoughts and killed many of little ideas. I continue to hope that I will find time…

For the time being, please mind the last paragraph.

Respect for each other is very important. Consent is a must. Ask for HER CONSENT, and if the response is NO, then Wait for HER CONSENT. A FOREVER NO may arise in a marriage as well, then you both decide where do you want to head in life. It’s that simple!

Finally, I too urge: TREAT MARITAL RAPE AS A CRIMINAL ACT.