UPSC CSE Political Science and International Relations Optional Syallabus

The PSIR Optional syllabus reproduced here is based on the latest syllabus provided by the Union Public Service Commission, Government of India. Every effort has been made to ensure that all the information provided is correct. If anything is found incorrect, please report it to heignotes16@gmail.com

UNION PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION

CIVIL SERVICES EXAMINATION SYLLABUS

FOR

POLITICAL SCIENCE AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

PAPER I

POLITICAL THEORY AND INDIAN POLITICS

Political Theory: Meaning and Approaches.

Theories of State: Liberal, Neo-liberal, Marxist, Pluralist, Post-colonial and Feminist.

Justice: Conceptions of Justice with special reference to John Rawls’ Theory of Justice and its Communitarian Critiques.

Equality: Social, Political and Economic; Relationship between Equality and Freedom; Affirmative Action.

Rights: Meaning and Theories; Different Kinds of Rights; Concept of Human Rights.

Democracy: Classical and Contemporary Theories; Different Models of Democracy- Representative, Participatory, and Deliberative.

Concept of Power: Hegemony, Ideology and Legitimacy.

Political Ideologies: Liberalism, Socialism, Marxism, Fascism, Gandhism and Feminism.

Indian Political Thought: Dharmashastra, Arthshastra and Buddhist Traditions; Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, Sri Aurobindo, M. K. Gandhi, B. R. Ambedkar, M. N. Roy.

Western Political Thought: Plato, Aristotle, Nicolo Machiavelli, Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, John Stuart Mill, Karl Marx, Antonio Gramsci, Hannah Arendt.

INDIAN GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS

Indian Nationalism:

  1. Political Strategies of India’s Freedom Struggle: Constitutionalism to Mass Satyagraha, Non-cooperation, Civil Disobedience; Militant and Revolutionary Movements, Peasant and Workers Movements.
  2. Perspectives on Indian National Movement: Liberal, Socialist and Marxist; Radical Humanist and Dalit.

Making of the Indian Constitution: Legacies of the British Rule; Different Social and Political Perspectives.

Salient Features of the Indian Constitution: The Preamble, Fundamental Rights and Duties, Directive Principles; Parliamentary System and Amendment Procedures; Judicial Review and Basic Structure Doctrine.

Principal Organs of the Union Government: Envisaged Role and Actual Working of the Executive, Legislature and Supreme Court.

Principal Organs of the State Government: Envisaged Role and Actual Working of the Executive, Legislature and High Courts.

Grassroots Democracy: Panchayati Raj and Municipal Government; Significance of 73rd and 74th Amendments; Grassroots Movements.

Statutory Institutions/Commissions: Election Commission, Comptroller and Auditor General, Finance Commission, Union Public Service Commission, National Commission for Scheduled Castes, National Commission for Scheduled Tribes, National Commission for Women, National Human Rights Commission, National Commission for Minorities, National Backward Classes Commission.

Federalism: Constitutional Provisions; Changing Nature of Centre-State Relations; Integrationist Tendencies and Regional Aspirations; Inter-State Disputes

Planning and Economic Development: Nehruvian and Gandhian Perspectives; Role of Planning and Public Sector; Green Revolution, Land Reforms and Agrarian Relations; Liberalization and Economic Reforms.

Caste Religion and Ethnicity in Indian Politics.

Party System: National and Regional Political Parties, Ideological and Social Bases of Parties; Patterns of Coalition Politics; Pressure Groups, Trends in Electoral Behaviour; Changing Socio-Economic Profile of Legislators.

Social Movement: Civil Liberties and Human Rights Movements; Women’s Movements, Environmentalist Movements


PAPER II

COMPARATIVE POLITICS AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

COMPARATIVE POLITICAL ANALYSIS AND INTERNATIONAL POLITICS

Comparative Politics: Nature and Major Approaches; Political Economy and Political Sociology Perspectives; Limitations of the Comparative Method.

State in Comparative Perspective: Characteristics and Changing Nature of the State in Capitalist and Socialist Economies, and Advanced Industrial and Developing Societies.

Politics of Representation and Participation: Political Parties, Pressure Groups and Social Movements in Advanced Industrial and Developing Societies.

Globalization: Responses from Developed and Developing Societies.

Approaches to the Study of International Relations: Idealist, Realist, Marxist, Functionalist and Systems Theory.

Key Concepts in International Relations: National Interest, Security and Power; Balance of Power and Deterrence; Transnational Actors and Collective Security; World Capitalist Economy and Globalization.

Changing International Political Order:

  1. Rise of Super Powers; Strategic and Ideological Bipolarity, Arms Race and Cold War; Nuclear Threat.
  2. Non-aligned Movement: Aims and Achievements.
  3. Collapse of the Soviet Union; Unipolarity and American Hegemony; Relevance of Non-alignment in the Contemporary World.

Evolution of the International Economic System: From Brettonwoods to WTO; Socialist Economies and CMEA (Council for Mutual Economic Assistance); Third World Demand for New International Economic Order; Globalization of the World Economy.

United Nations: Envisaged Role and Actual Record; Specialized UN Agencies- Aims and Functioning; Need for UN Reforms.

Regionalization of World Politics: EU, ASEAN, APEC, AARC, NAFTA.

Contemporary Global Concerns: Democracy, Human Rights, Environment, Gender Justice, Terrorism, Nuclear Proliferation.

INDIA AND THE WORLD

Indian Foreign Policy: Determinants of Foreign Policy; the Institutions of Policy-Making; Continuity and Change.

India’s Contribution to the Non-Alignment Movement: Different Phases; Current Role.

India and South Asia:

  1. Regional Cooperation: SAARC- Past Performance and Future Prospects.
  2. South Asia as a Free Trade Area.
  3. India’s ‘Look East’ Policy (Now, ‘Act East’ Policy).
  4. Impediments to Regional Cooperation: River Water Disputes; Illegal Cross Border Migration; Ethnic Conflicts and Insurgencies; Border Disputes.

India and the Global South: Relations with Africa and Latin America; Leadership Role in the Demand for NIEO and WTO Negotiations.

India and the Global Centres of Power: USA, EU, Japan, China and Russia.

India and the UN System: Role in UN Peace-Keeping; Demand for Permanent Seat in the Security Council.

India and the Nuclear Question: Changing Perceptions and Policy

Recent Developments in Indian Foreign Policy: India’s Position in the Recent Crises in Afghanistan, Iraq and West Asia, Growing Relations with US and Israel; Vision of a New World Order.


Download PSIR Optional syllabus in pdf: POLITICAL SCIENCE & INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS OPTIONAL SYLLABUS.

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